IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE

Talk about the importance of agriculture
Since the time men learnt to grow crops, agriculture has
been the main source of food. Today, most of the people
in all parts of the world, especially in developing
countries, are engaged in agricultural activities.
Human is mainly a grain-eating animal. In Asia, most of
the people eat rice. In Europe, North America and
Australia, wheat is the main food crop. If rice and wheat
cannot be grown, millet and other cereals are grown as
food crops. Though men also eat meat, they enjoy eating
meat only when they take it together with rice or bread
which is made from wheat. It is therefore clear that grains
are the main source of man’s food, and grains are
agricultural products.
Men, however, cannot live on grains alone. They need
other foods too to make his meals more palatable.
Therefore, they learnt to grow vegetables, potatoes and
fruits. Like grains, these things come from the soil. They
have to be planted and grown with great care. As a result,
men have made many experiments on soil for several
centuries to increase their production of crops. Men have
also learnt to consume dried leaves to refresh themselves.
Tea and tobacco, the dried leaves of certain plants, have
become very popular as sources of refreshment. Even
coffee and cocoa are products of plants. Cotton, jute and
other fiber are used to make cloth and several other
things for our daily needs. All these plants have become
very important in agriculture.
In some countries, agriculture is a main source of wealth.
The rubber tree and the oil-palm in Malaysia bring
millions of dollars every year. In Bangladesh, the jute
plant is the main source of wealth. Similarly, in almost
every country there is at least one plant which makes a
great contribution to the economy of the country. We
arrive at the conclusion that agriculture play an important
role in men’s world.

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